What is Maslow's hierarchy of needs?
Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a motivational theory in psychology that lays out five levels of human needs, from the lowest level, physiological, to the highest, self-actualization. Each level has specific needs that allow a person to feel fulfilled and motivated to move on to the next.
The first of the five needs in Maslow's pyramid are the basic requirements that people need to survive. These include air, water, food, shelter, sex, and health. If these needs aren't met, it can cause a person to suffer and even die.
The second level in Maslow's pyramid is safety needs, which include protection from the elements, security, law, order, and freedom. If these needs aren't met, a person may feel unsafe in their home or work environment, or they might be driven to do things that will harm themselves or others.
Love and Belonging Needs
The third need in Maslow's hierarchy is the need for love and belonging. This need can be met through family, friendships, and romantic relationships. If these needs aren't met, people might feel isolated or not be happy with their lives.
The fourth need in Maslow's pyramid is esteem needs, which includes self-dignity and the desire to be respected by others. Achieving esteem can help a person feel better about themselves and their accomplishments. Achieving esteem can also motivate them to work harder and improve their lives.