April 17, 2023

The Enigmatic Benefits of Undereating and Exercise

Why we get fat

The conventional explanation for why we have so much fat is that excess calories from our diets trigger a hormone called insulin. Insulin sends sugar from the bloodstream to your liver and muscles, where it’s converted to energy, or stored as glycogen if you need to power your workouts. But when your liver and muscles are full, the rest of your sugar — called fructose or glucose — gets sent to your fat cells to be metabolized for energy.

Besides this hormone, we have some other key players in the fat-storage game. For starters, there are two forms of fat: fatty acids and triglycerides.

Fatty acids, for instance, slip through the membranes of your fat cells so that they can be burned as fuel when your body needs it. Triglycerides, on the other hand, are too large to pass through these membranes.

It’s the chemistry behind this that we need to understand. Here are three simple rules that explain how excess sugar is turned into triglycerides and why they get stored as fat.

A fad diet is another common way to lose weight, but this can also have negative effects. For one, it can lower your metabolism so it’s harder to keep the pounds off.

To counteract this, you should also be aware of your daily calorie intake. This includes how much you eat and how much you exercise. Then you can figure out whether your diet is helping or hurting your goals.


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