Staying safe and secure is one of the top priorities in life, but this can be quite challenging at times, even in the era of constant technological advancements and innovations. More often than not, our world is a high-stakes environment, and staying secure often means employing different surveillance methods. Surveillance operations are the one way to ensure optimal safety and security in this day and age, regardless of the issues that they aim to address.
Performing such operations is quite common in the law enforcement industry, though they can be used in the military as well. While they do require a serious, detailed, and well-thought-out approach, surveillance operations are beneficial in more ways than one. In this article, we’ll be looking into the definition of a surveillance operation, its different types and methods, and the reasons for performing such a procedure.
In essence, a surveillance operation involves a variety of steps and activities that are performed in order to gather information about someone or something. It’s a procedure during which the subject in question is closely observed without them being aware. Surveillance operation is seen as a valuable tool in the law enforcement industry arsenal, but government agencies and the military are no strangers to employing this type of procedure as well.
Depending on whether they’re being used by an agency or an individual, these operations can involve various modern surveillance systems along with different tools, methods, and techniques. As for the targets that are observed, they can vary from people to vehicles and places. Should the client decide to take legal actions in the future, they can use the information and/or evidence obtained through these operations.
There is no one specific way to perform surveillance operation nor is there one particular method or technique that can be applied universally. Different cases require different approaches, and the key is to apply this valuable investigative tool appropriately to ensure the best possible results. A reputable company providing global security and investigative services will likely offer a variety of surveillance options in order to meet their clients’ needs. These typically include technical, fixed, and mobile surveillance, along with international surveillance.
There’s also a division into direct surveillance (public places, covert manner), pre-constructive surveillance (public places, not covert), and reconstructive surveillance (performed during investigations, done retrospectively). Surveillance operations can be carried out short-term (monitoring), they can involve prolonged observations (covert surveillance and application of invasive tactics), and can be performed while undercover (obtaining information through infiltration under a cover identity/assumed name).
Depending on the target, type of surveillance operation, and technology that’s being used during an investigation, there are different surveillance operations techniques that can be applied. Physical surveillance is one of the oldest and most common investigative tools there are, but there are also countless electronic surveillance options that have become more widespread thanks to various technological advances. These include:
· Visual surveillance, which involves the use of CCTV, thermal imaging, and video surveillance devices that are hidden, along with video devices that are worn on the body, and video systems inside the car.
· Audio surveillance, which involves the use of listen devices to bug the room for audio, wire/phone tapping, and monitoring voice communications over IP networks
· Data surveillance, which involves keystroke monitoring, mobile phone use, and data obtained through internet browser cookies and spyware
· Tracking surveillance, which involves the use of GPS, RFID, biometric information technology, and mobile phones to monitor the target’s location
Last but not least, we have to cover the different situations that call for a surveillance operation. In some instances, conducting a surveillance operation is seen as a vital step when investigating a crime. Other times, these operations will be used in order to locate an individual.
By using various video and audio equipment, the professional investigators are able to obtain information and evidence as well as document the activities that are taking place. These valuable pieces of information can then be used for interrogation purposes, as a proof of a crime that’s taking place, or they can be used in court. Information obtained through surveillance operations often comes in handy in situations where the crime hasn’t taken place yet, therefore preventing it from happening in the first place.
An important law enforcement tool, surveillance operations aim to provide insight in cases that involve suspicious activities or individuals. Not only do they help investigators gain important information and evidence that can come in handy if the client chooses to take legal action, but they also play a vital role in preventing violent acts from taking place. With so many tools and methods available these days, there’s no doubt that surveillance will remain as a widely used investigative tool, thus helping individuals and businesses around the globe to stay safe and secure.