Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the human body. It is found primarily in the bones and teeth. It has many important roles in the body, including regulating blood clotting, supporting healthy nerves and muscles, and strengthening the bones. If you have too much calcium in the body, it can lead to health problems such as osteoporosis and kidney stones. It can also cause symptoms such as gastrointestinal issues, rashes, and muscle spasms. If you are concerned about your calcium levels, speak with a doctor. They can discuss whether supplements are appropriate for you and suggest dietary sources of calcium that may help you balance your calcium intake.
To determine how many protons does calcium have, we must first understand what an atom is. An atom is the smallest particle of an element that can be independently observed under a microscope. Each atom has two positively charged particles called protons, and negatively charged particles called electrons. The number of protons and electrons determines the properties of an atom.
Protons are the massive, positively-charged nuclei of an atom. They have a mass of approximately 1.00757 amu (as determined by their relative binding energy). The number of protons of an atom is a direct function of its atomic number and is never altered.
Electrons are the negatively-charged particles that orbit the protons in the atom’s nucleus. The number of electrons in an atom is equal to the difference between its atomic number and its atomic mass, so each calcium atom has twenty electrons.