Known by the street names ecstasy and Molly, MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) is a synthetic drug that produces both stimulant and hallucinogenic effects. Its users report a sense of euphoria, an increased capacity for empathy and enjoyment of tactile sensations. It affects the serotonin neurotransmitter system, which regulates mood, behavior, sleep, pain perception and other body functions.
Its half-life is about 8 hours, meaning it clears from the bloodstream in roughly that time. However, its metabolites can remain in the bloodstream longer. MDMA is most often ingested as a pill, although it may also be found in powder form and snorted or smoked. MDMA can be mixed with other substances such as alcohol or opiates, and potential for drug-drug interactions is high.
MDMA can cause a number of unpleasant side effects including dry mouth, muscle cramps, nausea and vomiting. It can also induce fluid retention, which leads to dehydration. In extreme cases, excessive water consumption can lead to hyponatremia (low blood sodium levels), which is potentially fatal.
If you are experiencing symptoms of MDMA use disorder, you can find help at Zinnia Health’s treatment centers across California and New Jersey. Our evidence-based programs are designed to help people with MDMA addiction recover and recalibrate their lives. For more information, connect with our team today.