Chinese meditation is a form of meditative practice derived from the Daoist tradition. It includes techniques that focus on wu-wei (non-action) and wu-hsin (no-mind) which are central to Taoist and Buddhist philosophy.
Meditation tools include hollow meditation balls, also known as chi zhuang or ch'i fa guan, and a variety of other meditative stones or objects. These objects can be made from a variety of materials including agate, jade, stone or marble.
A chi zhuang is a hollow ball that has been rounded or polished, often with a slatted surface, which is used to sit on for meditation. The ball is normally light, but can be heavier if necessary.
Integrated body-mind training is a meditation technique that involves whole-body relaxation, mental imagery and mindfulness training led by a qualified coach. Researchers have recently found that this meditation technique can help reduce stress, anxiety, depression and anger.
Physical exercise can be an important part of a meditation practice. It can be a simple exercise such as walking, or it can be an exercise that is performed in conjunction with sitting meditation.
Some people find it helpful to stand while meditating. This can increase vitality and internal strength, and can help to heal injuries or chronic illnesses.
Koans were an important focus for many Chinese meditators. Some of these koans appear to reject the idea of meditation, but they are actually just warning against attachment to any particular practice. For example, a koan about a Buddha warns against achieving buddhahood through seated meditation.