January 12, 2023

9 Skills You Need to Work in Disaster Management


Fireman, Firefighter, Rubble, 9 11, Disaster

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Imagine a world where natural disasters like hurricanes and earthquakes ravage communities across the globe. Now imagine what it takes to help these people affected by these disasters. Disaster management requires a specialized skill set that enables you to respond quickly and effectively when a crisis occurs.

However, working in disaster management is not simply about responding to disasters but also about helping communities prepare for them. It requires understanding each community's unique needs and the ability to create and implement effective disaster management and prevention strategies.

This article will explore some critical skills needed to work in disaster management.

1. Communication

The ability to communicate effectively is crucial in disaster management. It means being able to effectively exchange information with colleagues and stakeholders, as well as the community affected by the disaster. You must express your ideas clearly and concisely and understand the given information. However, skills don't just stop with verbal communication. Written skills are also necessary, as you may need to prepare reports or create documents detailing your disaster management plan. Aspiring professionals can enroll in communication courses to help hone their skills.

Furthermore, advanced degree programs such as MPH Disaster Management also help professional cultivate these soft skills and technical knowledge. So, continuing your education along with gaining work experience should be mandatory.

2. Problem Solving

When a crisis strikes, you need to be able to think on your feet. It's essential that you can quickly assess the situation and identify potential solutions. It requires problem-solving skills from experience and courses focusing on developing these abilities. For instance, you can take courses focusing on critical thinking, decision-making, and problem-solving. However, identifying problems is not enough; you also need the ability to develop practical solutions.

3. Planning and Organizational Skills

A crucial part of disaster management is planning and organization. You need to be able to create a plan of action that outlines how the disaster will be managed. It requires strong organizational and planning skills to identify the tasks that need to be done and create an efficient plan of action. Comprehensive planning also requires you to stay on top of disaster management trends and research the needs of the affected community. For example, you may need to examine the types of resources available in a particular area or the needs of specific populations. And, of course, you must have the organizational skills to keep track of the tasks and resources needed to implement the plan.

4. Leadership

Leadership is essential in disaster management, as you will often be expected to manage and lead a team. This requires strong interpersonal skills, such as motivating people and building relationships. It also requires delegating tasks and making tough decisions on time.

To develop these skills, aspiring disaster management professionals can take leadership and project management courses.

5. Technical Skills

Nowadays, disaster management teams must be able to utilize technology and software to increase efficiency. It means learning to use apps and other tools to collect and analyze data quickly. Furthermore, learning how to create digital maps or utilize GIS (Geographic Information System) software is vital. Also, basic computer skills are essential, such as using word processing and spreadsheet software. However, there are courses available to help you develop these skills. For instance, you may be able to take classes in GIS, digital mapping, and data analysis. These courses are often available as part of a program such as MPH disaster management.

6. Cultural Competency

Not only do you need to be proficient in the technical aspects of disaster management, but you must also have cultural competency and respect for diverse cultures. This means understanding the impact of disasters on different populations and working effectively with diverse communities. Aspiring disaster management professionals can take courses in cultural competency to further develop these skills.

7. Emotional Intelligence

Nowadays, emotional intelligence is becoming increasingly important in disaster management. You must be able to handle difficult situations with empathy and understanding and recognize when someone is in distress. It requires an understanding of emotional regulation, communication, and interpersonal skills. Emotional intelligence can be developed through courses, training, and self-reflection. To develop these skills, you can take classes on emotional intelligence or participate in activities that promote self-awareness. And, of course, it's crucial to form a strong sense of self-awareness and the ability to recognize and manage your own emotions.

8. Critical Thinking

As a disaster management professional, you need to be able to think critically and analytically. This requires identifying patterns and trends, analyzing data, and making decisions based on your research. You must also be able to think strategically and anticipate future trends or events. To develop these skills, courses and training in critical thinking are essential. Additionally, some universities offer degrees in public health with a concentration in disaster management. These degrees can provide you with the skills and knowledge necessary to become an effective disaster management professional.

9. Teamwork

Last but not least, you must work well in teams. Disaster management is often a collaborative effort and requires working effectively with others. This means having strong interpersonal skills and the ability to manage conflicts. Furthermore, it's essential to be open-minded and able to accept different opinions. Teamwork can be developed through leadership courses, as well as participating in activities that encourage collaboration. It's also crucial to have experience working with diverse groups.


The disaster management profession requires a wide range of skills, from technical proficiency to emotional intelligence. To become an effective disaster manager, you need to develop and hone your abilities in data analysis, GIS technology, computer skills, cultural competency, emotional intelligence, critical thinking, and teamwork. To do this, you should take courses, seminars, and training in these areas, as well as self-reflection and experience working with diverse people. With all of these skills, you can become an excellent disaster manager.

The most important thing to remember is that disaster management requires continuous learning and growth. There are always new challenges, so make sure you are always learning and striving to improve your skills. You can become an excellent disaster management professional with dedication and hard work. Good luck!


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